Download An Introduction to Property Theory by Gregory S. Alexander, Eduardo M. Peñalver PDF

By Gregory S. Alexander, Eduardo M. Peñalver

This e-book surveys the prime sleek theories of estate – Lockean, libertarian, utilitarian/law-and-economics, personhood, Kantian and human flourishing – after which applies these theories to concrete contexts during which estate concerns were in particular arguable. those comprise redistribution, the suitable to exclude, regulatory takings, eminent area and highbrow estate. The publication highlights the Aristotelian human flourishing concept of estate, delivering the main complete and obtainable creation to that concept so far. The book's aim is neither to hide each achievable idea nor to debate each attainable side of the theories coated. in its place, it goals to make the key estate theories understandable to newcomers, with no sacrificing accuracy or sophistication. The publication could be of specific curiosity to scholars looking an available creation to modern theories of estate, yet even experts will enjoy the book's lucid descriptions of up to date debates.

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Theor. Biol. ”). 38 Utilitarian Property Theories 25 contribute nothing to the common pool. In a group made up exclusively of rational actors, no one would contribute anything, and everyone would lose. Contrary to this prediction, however, public goods experiments routinely find that people contribute something on the order of forty to sixty percent of their endowment to the common pool. 42 Similarly, experimental economists find sharing behavior where the rational actor model would not expect to find it.

According to one approach, a social choice is good if it makes at least one person better off without decreasing the utility of anyone else. 20 It merely requires that decision makers gather data about each person’s preferences in the form of a rank ordering of possible states of affairs. If a decision generates a state of affairs that is higher (than the alternatives) on at least one person’s ordinal rankings and not lower than the current state of affairs on anyone else’s, the decision is said to be Pareto superior to alternatives in which no one’s situation is made better or someone is made worse off.

It would be more accurate to describe it as welfarist. Nevertheless, Paretianism originated in an attempt to overcome problems associated with classical utilitarian theory, and shares many of the theory’s normative assumptions. 19 Utilitarian Property Theories 17 the fact that, even if one fully accepts the moral intuitions behind ­utilitarian analysis in the domain of social choice, the value of any particular utilitarian prescription will only be as good as the empirical information on which it is based.

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