By Konrad H. Jarausch
Within the spring of 1945, because the German military fell in defeat and the realm first discovered of the unspeakable crimes of the Holocaust, few could have anticipated that, in simple terms part a century later, the Germans could grow to be a wealthy humans on the vanguard of peaceable eu integration. How did the Germans be capable to get over the shattering adventure of defeat in international conflict II and rehabilitate themselves from the disgrace and horror of the Holocaust? In After Hitler, Konrad H. Jarausch exhibits how Germany's selection to stress civility and civil society, destroyed by way of the Nazi regime, helped fix the demoralized country throughout the post-war interval. not like different highbrow inquiries into German efforts to accommodate the Nazi earlier, After Hitler essentially makes a speciality of the sensible classes a disoriented humans drew from their earlier misdeeds, and their fight to create a brand new society with a honest and deep dedication to human rights. After Hitler deals a accomplished view of the breathtaking transformation of the Germans from the defeated Nazi accomplices and Holocaust perpetrators of 1945 to the civilized, democratic humans of ultra-modern Germany.
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Extra info for After Hitler: Recivilizing Germans, 1945-1995
10 Confirmed by the discovery of additional camps in Bergen-Belsen (Lower Saxony), Dachau (Bavaria), and Sachsenhausen (outside Berlin), the “indisputable evidence” could only have hardened the Allies’ position on Germany’s future after Hitler. S. S. ”12 Shocking images of emaciated prisoners and mass graves served to strengthen the advocates of a punitive policy such as Secretary of Treasury Henry Morgenthau, who along with President Franklin D. 14 For the Germans, the defeat also accelerated the process of distancing themselves from the Third Reich but did not necessarily lead to an acknowledgment of their own responsibility for its crimes.
The Nation as Burden CHAPTER 3 Rejecting the Plan Forced Restructuring Return to the Market The Social Market Economy Limits of the German Model CONCLUSION TO PART 1 Preconditions of Freedom PART II Contradictory Modernization CHAPTER 4 Embracing the West Personal Encounters Political Bonding Popular Americanization Contradictions of “De-Germanization” CHAPTER 5 Arriving at Democracy Formal Democratization Internalizing Democratic Values Testing Parliamentary Government Learned Democracy CHAPTER 6 Protesting Authority Opposing Restoration A Cultural Revolution A More Liberal Society?
Positive experiences with Western civil society through exchange programs and personal contacts made them receptive to the critical interpretation of the German past that had been formulated by refugees from Hitler. At the same time, the concept of German deviance offered an answer to the question of structural continuities that had been raised by the Fischer controversy, a heated debate among historians concerning Germany’s responsibility for the outbreak of the First World War. Moreover, the methodological shift from political history to a history of society (Gesellschaftsgeschichte) facilitated the importation of the methods and theories of the neighboring social sciences.