By Olayiwola Abegunrin
In this twenty-first century, Africa has develop into a huge resource of the United States’ strength imports and the world's traditional assets. It has additionally develop into the epicenter of the world’s lethal future health epidemic, HIV/AIDS, and one of many battlegrounds within the struggle opposed to terrorism. With Nigeria and South Africa prime the continent, Africa has develop into a massive participant to be reckoned with within the international affairs.
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Additional info for Africa in Global Politics in the Twenty-First Century: A Pan-African Perspective
As a result, several discriminatory laws which laid the foundations for the Bantustan policy were enacted by the white racist regime to disenfranchise the non-whites in South Africa, mostly Africans. ” The discriminatory laws promulgated between 1948 and 1958 following the institutionalization of apartheid best illustrated this strategy. These included the Group Areas Act, which provides for total residential segregation between the different races. 24 Through these obnoxious and other repressive laws that were subsequently enacted, the African majority in South Africa were subjected to all manners of indignities and denied their fundamental human and civil rights.
29 This incidence further aroused African consciousness and for the first time exposed the atrocities of apartheid policy to the outside world. ”30 However, it spontaneously turned to violence after all channels of peaceful protests were barred by the apartheid regime. Several members and leaders of the liberation movements, the ANC and PAC, including Nelson Mandela and his comrades, were jailed while political movements organized to protect and defend their rights were severely crushed. This not withstanding, the liberation movements continued their violent protest underground and launched guerilla warfare on the apartheid government in 1960.
The area was subsequently declared a British Protectorate in 1887, following which the company signed a number of treaties with the Emirs of Sokoto and Gwandu. All these treaties were used to support British claim to Northern Nigeria. However, the British did not take full control of the Northern Territories until 1900, when their flag was finally hoisted at Lokoja in the Middle-Belt of Nigeria. Up to this point, there were many spirited efforts by the Nigerian people to resist British occupation of their territory.