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By Elizabeth Caecilia Stone

Ebook via Elizabeth Caecilia Stone, David I. Owen, John R. Mitchell

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Extra resources for Adoption in Old Babylonian Nippur and the Archive of Mannum-mešu-liṣṣur

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Finally, the German administrations of Togo and Cameroon built rail networks in the prosperous coastal regions of their colonies. All of these railroads were designed to link a seaport to a hinterland. They were not designed to link major African centers to each other, but to link African sources of raw materials to European purchasers, and to link European manufacturers to African purchasers. Once the railroads were there, however, they began to play a role in the local economy. In Dahomey, for Economy and society, 1880–1940 31 instance, salt merchants began shipping their wares on the railroad, and cattle merchants used the rail line as a convenient path to march their herds through a marshy area.

The escape from slavery was generally easier for male slaves than for females, as women were often tied by children and by marriage to their adoptive homes. And for many slaves, there was no home to return to. These slaves had a greater tendency to escape to French and Belgian administrative posts and towns. The slave owners too were faced with an adjustment once the colonial era began. As slavery gradually lost the force of law, they sought to transform their control over their slaves in order to maintain it.

In the Kuba kingdom of the Kasai valley in the southern savanna, each king engaged an architect to lay out an entirely new capital town. The capital of Bagirmi, in the heart of what is today Chad, moved periodically with the king. Although towns stood out as centers of power and exchange in precolonial Africa, the population remained overwhelmingly rural. So while the story of transformation in social and economic life must include an emphasis on the rise of new cities and new conditions in cities, most of the transformation of African life has taken place in the countryside.

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