By C N Hill
"A Vertical Empire" describes the paintings in rocketry and house examine conducted within the united kingdom within the Nineteen Fifties and Sixties. At one time, the programme used to be as refined as these within the US and Russia. The initiatives have been cancelled one after the other as Britain's makes an attempt to maintain militarily with the 2 superpowers weakened, because of Treasury strain and the assumption that there has been no monetary destiny in house expertise. a lot of the fabric during this e-book hasn't ever been on hand earlier than, due partially to the 30-Year Rule touching on govt records, and partially to the delicate army nature of the paintings. The tasks lined comprise rocket-propelled plane, huge army missiles reminiscent of the medium diversity ballistic missile "Blue Streak", the try out rocket "Black Knight" and the re-entry experiments it carried, and the satellite tv for pc launcher "Black Arrow". furthermore, proposed tasks which can were built from those cars are lined extensive. there's additionally enormous political research of why those initiatives have been finally discontinued.
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Additional info for A Vertical Empire: The History of the UK Rocket and Space Programme, 1950-1971
K. to work on liquid fuelled rocket motors. Their first design, called Lizzie, was fuelled by LOX (liquid oxygen) and petrol. It was a very simple device: the propellants were forced into the combustion chamber using high pressure nitrogen, so no pumps and other ancillary equipment were needed. It was intended for rocket assisted takeoff in aircraft such as the Wellington. D. Westcott, and was eventually developed to give thrusts of up to 2000 lbf. Lizzie was used to power the Liquid Oxygen Petrol/Guided Aerial Projectile, or LOP/GAP, which was an early test vehicle, fired from Aberporth in Wales' and later, the Rocket Test Vehicle 1 or RTV-1.
The Ministry talked to Hawker Siddeley, but concluded "... it was not clear for some time whether Westlands would be willing to take on this work using the existing Saunders Roe team for the purpose, but they eventually decided to concentrate their activities on helicopter work and decline all fixed wing business. We had no alternative but reluctantly to accept their decision. However, Saunders Roe's Chief Designer had by this time joined Hawker Siddeley and asked the latter to consider taking the job on.
In the 1940s, the performance of the jet engine was not sufficient to do this. The problem was to get an interceptor to that height quickly enough, and to give it sufficient speed differential to be able to manoeuvre into a position in order to be able to attack. It was further realised that such attack would probably be made by guided weapons of some form—either infrared, heat seeking, or radar controlled. There was a fundamental problem, however, with an aircraft that small, in that it would have been able to fly only in daylight and reasonably good weather.