By Riikka Halme
Kwanyama ('Oshikwanyama' in response to the respectable Namibian general) is a Wambo language, and correspondingly belongs to the Bantu languages. it's spoken by means of way over part one million humans in South Angola and Namibia.
Certainly this quantity comprises the audio system of alternative closely-related Wambo types in Angola. those languages were studied quite little, and the examine in their tonal structures has been quite ignored. the current ebook is the 1st comic strip of Kwanyama grammar with a scientific account on tone. the most goal is to supply an research of the tonal approach of this language. hence the examine discusses either the lexical tone, i.e. tone as an inherent estate of a lexeme, and the grammatical tone wich marks grammatical houses. the writer lived in a Kwanyama-speaking neighborhood in Angola for approximately part a yr and had the chance there to enhance her linguistic competence. As a researcher she retains to the culture of Generative Phonology within the experience that there are principles that take the tone styles from the underlying illustration to a binary floor illustration, i.e. tonemes. so one can aid the reader to persist with the argumentation of the tonal research, this e-book is organised in this sort of method that the segmental and tonal degrees are mentioned individually, through discussions on tone in nouns, verbs and minor notice different types. After that, the learn is expounded to the broader context of analysis on Guthrie's crew R languages, particularly the Wambo languages. ultimately, the reader unearths nominal and verbal paradigms in addition to a few texts, and a vocabulary Kwanyama-Englisch containing approximately 6,000 entries.
Read or Download A Tonal Grammar of Kwanyama (Namibian African studies) PDF
Similar grammar books
This ebook considers the interplay of morphological and phonological determinants of linguistic shape and the measure to which one determines the opposite. It considers the operation of canonical types, the invariant syllabic shapes of morphemes and the defining attribute of prosodic morphology. Dr Downing offers an unique idea which she exams on facts from a large choice of languages.
Quantity fifty eight of the "North Holland Linguistic Series", edited through Virginia Motapanyane, presents an up to date evaluation of stories in Romanian syntax. Bringing jointly linguists operating in the box of generative grammar, the volume's comparative procedure demonstrates the relevance of Romanian information to grammatical concept.
The current quantity is headquartered round 5 linguistic subject matters: argument constitution and encoding ideas; argument constitution and verb sessions; unexpressed arguments; break up intransitivity; and existential and presentational structures. The articles additionally conceal various typologically varied languages, and so they supply new info from under-researched languages at the problems with occasion and argument constitution.
- Fossilized Second Language Grammars: The Acquisition of Grammatical Gender
- Optimizing Adverb Positions
- The Minimalist Syntax of Defective Domains: Gerunds and Infinitives
Extra resources for A Tonal Grammar of Kwanyama (Namibian African studies)
Helsinki: Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae, ser. B, torn. 115,1. Thomason, Sarah G. —Terence Kaufman 1988 Language contact, creolization and genetic linguistics. Berkeley: University of California Press. Thornburg, Linda 1990 "Wuremes breden in wilderne: changing transitivity in pre-modern English". ] Trnka, Bohumil 1928 "Analysis and synthesis in English", English Studies 10: 138 — 144. Trudgill, Peter 1989 "Language contact and simplification", NORDLYD: Tromso University Working Papers in Linguistics 15: 113 — 121.
As pointed out by Vachek (1961: 33), when "a sentence dispenses with a subordinate clause, this undoubtedly results in closer cohesion of its elements" and he goes on adding that "in deciphering an English sentence of the above category the reader's (or listener's) attention can and must be concentrated so as to grasp the sentence as one compact whole" (emphasis added here and above). Unlike Vachek, however, Mincoff regards such constructions (his example is a man to admire) as a synthetic development.
R o n a l d K. S. ) 1972 Linguistic change and generative theory. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Tauli, Valter 1958 The structural tendencies of languages. Helsinki: Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae, ser. B, torn. 115,1. Thomason, Sarah G. —Terence Kaufman 1988 Language contact, creolization and genetic linguistics. Berkeley: University of California Press. Thornburg, Linda 1990 "Wuremes breden in wilderne: changing transitivity in pre-modern English". ] Trnka, Bohumil 1928 "Analysis and synthesis in English", English Studies 10: 138 — 144.