By Margaret Gilbert
Margaret Gilbert deals an incisive new method of a vintage challenge of political philosophy: whilst and why should still I do what the legislations tells me to do? Do i've got exact duties to comply to the legislation of my very own state and if this is the case, why? In what feel, if any, needs to I struggle in wars during which my state is engaged, if ordered to take action, or endure the penalty for legislation breaking--including the dying penalty? Gilbert's obtainable publication deals a provocative and compelling case in want of electorate' responsibilities to the nation, whereas interpreting how those might be squared with self-interest and different competing issues.
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Extra resources for A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society
One realizes that one is obligated to choose alternative A. At this point rationality requires one to choose A. Some may ﬁnd it comforting to know what must be done. Others may ﬁnd it conﬁning. Summary of the Discussion So Far Given the type of obligation with which I am concerned there are several points of contact between my concerns and those of other theorists of political obligation. Perhaps the most important is that if I am obligated to do something I am rationally required to do it, all else being equal.
Simmons (1979: 8). 15 If one agrees with this, one cannot then argue that the obligation of a promise is an absolutely conclusive reason for conforming to the promise. Considerations such as this have led people to conclude that to have an obligation is not necessarily to have an absolutely conclusive reason. 16 I do not say that there is no way of arguing that the obligation of one who has made a promise is, after all, an absolutely conclusive reason. My point is only that common judgements suggest that it is not.
According to a standard intuitive conception there are reasons for acting that are not moral ones. Thus the philosopher Thomas Scanlon writes: ‘when one concludes that an action is [sc. 50 To invoke another, quite popular term, the normative realm is generally considered to have a broader purview than the moral realm. A theorist who stipulated that all reasons were moral reasons on his deﬁnition of ‘moral’, or that the normative realm was coextensive with the moral realm, would thus be blurring intuitive distinctions.