Download A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking: Deciding What to Do by David Hunter PDF

By David Hunter

A realistic advent to severe considering throughout numerous disciplines
Knowing tips on how to imagine severely approximately what to think and what to do is key for fulfillment in either educational environments. a realistic advisor to severe considering introduces readers to the recommendations, tools, and criteria for considering severely approximately purposes and arguments in almost any zone of perform. whereas such a lot literature on severe pondering makes a speciality of its formal functions inside philosophy, this publication bargains a vast belief of serious considering and explores its functional relevance to engaging in examine throughout a large choice of disciplines, together with company, schooling, and the organic sciences.
While the booklet pursues an interdisciplinary method of severe pondering, delivering examples and illustrations from varied topics and fields of analysis, it additionally offers suggestions to assist readers establish the tools and criteria which are attribute of serious pondering of their selected branches of studying, of their office, and of their personal lives. the idea that of an issue is prolonged past its philosophical roots to incorporate experimentation, checking out, size, coverage improvement and evaluate, and aesthetic appreciation as actions that require serious pondering. The logical, middle innovations of severe pondering are awarded in a rigorous but casual method, with inventive and sensible thoughts for outlining, examining, and comparing purposes and arguments at any place they're stumbled on. every one bankruptcy ends with a "Mistakes to Avoid" part in addition to various workouts designed to assist readers combine and expand the chapter's lessons.
A sensible consultant to severe pondering is a wonderful publication for classes on serious pondering and common sense on the upper-undergraduate and graduate degrees. it's also a suitable reference for a person with a common curiosity in severe pondering abilities.

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Extra info for A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking: Deciding What to Do and Believe

Sample text

A handy rule of t h u m b is: Think twice, decide once. Bits of evidence can conflict in another way. The evidence we have might be undermined by other evidence that we have. 1 24 T H E N A T U R E A N D V A L U E OF CRITICAL THINKING general. For example, the witness for the prosecution might have testified that he saw the defendant pull the trigger. But if we have good reason to suspect that the witness has a grudge against the defendant, and would lie on the stand, then we might decide not to trust what he says.

This means that to know 14 THE N A T U R E A N D V A L U E OF CRITICAL THINKING something you also have to believe it. Sometimes we contrast what we know with what we merely believe to be the case, and sometimes when we talk about our beliefs we have in mind our views on moral or religious topics, where it is hard to find general agreement. If you were asked to list your beliefs, you might describe your views on God, happiness, justice, but not include your views on the day's weather, on your favorite sporting team's recent performance, or on arithmetic.

The members of a jury are asked not to prejudge the question—not to decide whether the defendant did it—before all of the evidence has been presented. Since critical thinking can help us to m a k e sure that our beliefs are based on good epistemic reasons, critical thinking can also help us to avoid being prejudiced. 2 Making U p Your Own Mind But why should we avoid prejudice, especially if prejudice is compatible with being right? This might sound like a silly question, but answering it can help us to see one of the deeper values to critical thinking.

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