Download A notional theory of syntactic categories by John M. Anderson PDF

By John M. Anderson

This booklet offers an leading edge concept of syntactic different types and the lexical sessions they outline. It revives the conventional concept that those are to be individual notionally (semantically). It permits there to be peripheral individuals of a lexical category which could no longer evidently comply with the final definition. the writer proposes a notation according to semantic positive factors which money owed for the syntactic behaviour of sessions. The booklet additionally provides a case for contemplating this type - back in quite conventional vein - to be simple to making a choice on the syntactic constitution of sentences. Syntactic constitution is therefore erected in a truly constrained model, with no recourse to stream or empty components.

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2 and - more extensively - in chapter 3. 11) a. Mary was surprised at John/the result b. 5). The latter therefore also appear without restrictive attributives, as being (assumed to be) sufficient in themselves for identification of the referent of an argument: the adjective in poor John has no referential role, and that in the younger Bill involves recategorisation of Bill as a noun. g. ) Personal pronouns also are non-predicative: they too are simple {N}s. They are contextually determined names.

P}^>/{ }j b. 1); unmarked functors are complemented by a name. 25) a primary one. We return to the relationship between these bundles in a moment; at this point let us pursue the complementeecomplement relation. Complements, unlike complementees, are potentially complex. Further, the one-to-many relationship between verb and complements leads to a strong subcategorisation of verbs, as noted above, whereas pronouns and determiners are differentiated only in terms of weak subcategorisation (presence vs.

Linearity - essentially, as I'm suggesting, setting of the direction of modification - is introduced in the course of further structurebuilding. The directed graphs induced by categorial representations are trees, with only one node, the root, that is not dependent. A requirement that a complement 34 Fundamentals of a notional theory cannot simultaneously satisfy more than one complementee is reflected in the associated dependency graphs being also proper trees, with all non-root nodes dependent on only one head.

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