Download A Course In Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar GPSG by Paul Bennett PDF

By Paul Bennett

The "Generalized word constitution Grammar" GPSG is a massive syntactic concept which has been followed by way of the computational linguistics global. this article assumes an introductory wisdom of syntactic conception and covers the entire major constructs of the grammar.

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VP V (NP) (PP) (Z) d. PP P NP e. NG N (S) (PP) f. Z S (28) no longer contains the ordering contradiction inherent in (27), and can be reformulated in ID/LP terms: (29) a. S NP, VP b. NP Art, NG c. VP V, (NP), (PP), (Z) d. PP P, NP e. NG N, (S), (PP) f. Z S g. NP VP h. Art NG < previous page page_34 next page > < previous page page_35 next page > Page 35 i. V others j. N others k. NP PP Z l. S PP But the question now arises of whether the grammar in (29) is linguistically motivated. If the category Z has been introduced simply in order to evade our LP-problem, then (29) is not a motivated grammar.

27) a. S NP VP b. NP Art NG c. VP V (NP) (PP) (S) d. PP P NP e. NG N (S) (PP) If one compares rules (27c) and (27e), it will emerge that it is not possible to make a valid LP-statement about the order of PP and S. PP precedes S when they are daughters of VP, but follows S when they are daughters of NG. LP-statements apply to daughters irrespective of their mothers, so do not permit the necessary statements here to be made. We can conclude, then, that not every context-free grammar (CFG) can be put into ID/LP format, so that the format is in some ways more restrictive than PS-rules.

CASE: {NOM, ACC} b. PER: {1, 2, 3} English pronouns can be in the NOMinative or Accusative case (German, for instance, would require extra values for CASE). PER is short for ‘person’. So far we have used an attribute LEVEL, and it would be intuitively preferable to continue with this. g. TYPE=NOUN). Instead, notions like ‘noun’ and ‘verb’ are not treated as primitives but are broken down into two Boolean features: (5) a. N: {+, −} b. V: {+, −} The analysis expressed in (5) goes back to transformational-based versions of X-bar theory, and GPSG makes relatively little use of the flexibility offered by (5).

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