Download A Bibliographic Guide to Resources in Scientific Computing, by Jeffrey R. Yost PDF

By Jeffrey R. Yost

A vital contribution to the examine of the background of desktops, this paintings identifies the computer's effect at the actual, organic, cognitive, and clinical sciences. References primary to the understudied zone of the heritage of medical computing additionally record the numerous function of the sciences in assisting to form the improvement of computing device know-how. extra largely, the various assets on clinical computing support show how the pc used to be the main major clinical tool of the 20 th century.

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Based on extensive analysis of advertisements, this study presents how perceptions of the meaning of computers changed between 1950 and 1980. 69. Aspray, William, and Bernard O. Williams. " IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 16:4 (1994): 60-74. S. colleges and universities between 1950 and 1973. The NSF established these computer facilities with the goal of furthering scientific research and education. By the 1970s the NSF had refocused its attention and funding toward the newly emerging field of theoretical computer science.

Discusses the history of the formation of the idea, proposal, realization, and work of the ATLAS Computer Laboratory in Great Britain by its first director, Jack Howlett. The laboratory supported the application of computing to many projects in the physical and other sciences. Some of the areas of research included: crystallography, test analysis, statistical analysis, space studies, and weather forcasting. 118. Hughes, Robert A. " Annals of the History of Computing 6:1 (January 1964): 30-31. This brief account cites Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory as a leader in the applications of computing technology, including FORTRAN programs, to large-scale problems in physics and biomedicine.

He outlines how bubble chambers, developed in the late 1950s, fundamentally changed the structure, equipment, and personnel of research projects in highenergy physics; projects transformed from the work of small groups to major enterprises, and from equipment costing in the thousands of dollars to equipment costing millions of dollars. He details how specialists in hardware and software became fundamental to large-scale research projects such as bubble chamber experiments to facilitate data reduction.

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